Summer Fun in RecoveryBack pain is a common ailment that affects millions of people worldwide. While it may start as a minor inconvenience, back pain can quickly become debilitating, impacting your ability to work, enjoy leisure activities, and even complete simple daily tasks. Whether you experience occasional twinges or chronic discomfort, it's essential to understand the causes of back pain and treatments of back pain to find relief and prevent further injury.

At GPOA, our team of highly-skilled orthopaedic specialists are dedicated to providing you with comprehensive, personal care for all your pain needs.

Here is what could be causing your back pain.


Arthritis is a common condition that can cause pain and stiffness in joints throughout the body, including the spine. Back pain caused by arthritis may result from several factors, including inflammation, cartilage degeneration, and bone spurs. Arthritis of the spine can occur in various forms, such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and psoriatic arthritis.

In these conditions, the spine's joints become inflamed, which can lead to pain, stiffness, and limited mobility. As the arthritis progresses, the cartilage tissue that cushions the joints can wear away, resulting in bone-on-bone friction, further exacerbating pain. Bone spurs, or small outgrowths of bone, can also develop along the edges of the joints, causing additional pain and discomfort. Arthritis-related back pain can be particularly debilitating, affecting a person's quality of life and making it challenging to perform everyday tasks.

While there is no cure for arthritis, several treatment options can help manage symptoms, including medication, physical therapy, lifestyle modifications, and surgery in severe cases. If you experience persistent back pain, consult with your healthcare provider to determine the cause and create a treatment plan that works best for you.


Stress is a common phenomenon that can cause physical and emotional changes in the body. When we experience stress, our muscles tend to tense up, leading to muscle strain, particularly in the back and neck area. Prolonged periods of stress can also cause inflammation and reduce blood flow to the muscles, leading to pain and discomfort. Back pain caused by stress can manifest in various forms, such as dull aches, sharp pain, and muscle spasms.

Stress-related back pain typically occurs in the upper or lower back, where muscles are most susceptible to tension and strain. Poor posture can also contribute to back pain, which is often associated with stress. When we are stressed, we may slouch or hunch over, putting additional pressure on our back muscles and increasing the risk of injury and worsening pain. Adopting stress-relieving techniques such as deep breathing exercises, yoga, meditation, or counseling can help manage stress levels and alleviate back pain associated with stress.

Regular exercise, proper nutrition, and adequate sleep can also improve overall physical and mental wellbeing, reducing the likelihood of experiencing stress-related back pain. If you are experiencing persistent back pain or other symptoms, consult with your healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan for pain relief.


Back pain caused by strains typically results from the overuse or sudden twisting of back muscles, leading to stretching or tearing of the muscle fibers. Strains can occur in various regions of the back, including the neck, upper back, lower back, and shoulders. Sports-related activities or jobs that require heavy lifting, bending, or twisting motions can increase the likelihood of developing a strain and severe back pain.

Symptoms of a back strain may include muscle spasms, stiffness, soreness, chronic pain, and limited range of motion. In most cases, back strains can be treated with self-care measures such as rest, application of ice or heat, over-the-counter pain relievers, and light stretching exercises. However, more severe pain may require medical attention, such as physical therapy, prescription medication, or surgery.

Maintaining proper posture, using proper lifting techniques, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding repetitive movements can help prevent back strains. Additionally, regularly stretching and strengthening back muscles through exercise and physical therapy can improve overall back health and reduce risk factors or injury. If you are experiencing persistent back pain, consult with your healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Herniated Disc

A herniated disc is a common cause of back pain that occurs when the soft cushion between the vertebrae in the spine ruptures or bulges out of place. A herniated disc can occur in any region of the spine, but they are most common in the lower back. The symptoms of a herniated disc may vary depending on the location and severity of the injury. Often, people with a herniated disc may experience back pain that radiates to other parts of the body, such as the buttocks, feet, and leg pain, as well as tingling or numbness in these areas due to nerve compression.

A herniated disc can also cause muscle weakness or difficulty standing or walking. Several factors can contribute to a herniated disc, such as age-related degeneration of the spine, repetitive lifting, and twisting motions, and physical trauma. Treatment for a herniated disc typically depends on the severity of the injury. In mild cases, self-care measures such as rest, over-the-counter pain relievers, and light exercise may be sufficient to reduce pain. Physical therapy and steroid injections may also help alleviate pain and restore mobility.

In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove or repair the herniated disc. Maintaining good posture, practicing proper lifting techniques, and incorporating core-strengthening exercises into your routine can help prevent herniated discs and improve overall back health. If you experience persistent back pain, consult with your healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan to relieve pain.

Lack of Movement

Lack of movement or physical activity can contribute to back pain by weakening the muscles that support the spine, reducing flexibility and range of motion, and increasing the risk of injury. When we remain sedentary for extended periods, our muscles become tense and tight, leading to stiffness and discomfort in the back. A lack of physical activity can also lead to a decrease in bone density, making the spine more susceptible to fractures and other injuries.

Sedentary lifestyles are often associated with poor posture, and this can put additional stress on the back muscles and joints, leading to pain and discomfort. Incorporating physical activity into your routine, such as walking, swimming, or light exercise, can help prevent back pain caused by lack of movement. Regular stretching, physical therapy, and activities that promote good posture, such as yoga or Pilates, can also improve spinal health and reduce the risk of back pain.

If you experience persistent back pain, consult with your healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

If you are suffering from a back injury or are in need of treatment, contact our top back and spine specialists at GPOA or schedule an appointment directly from our website today.